How Brake Pads Work

i-brake – Theres a lot more to effectively using your cars braking system than simply stomping on the dayung when a squirrel darts out in front of you. The braking systems of cars, trucks and motorcycles are made up of a number of parts that translate the drivers actions into physical force that stops the car. One of those brake parts is your vehicles brake pads.

Brake pads are a key brake part because they are the component that contacts and applies pressure and friction to a vehicles brake rotors– those flat, shiny discs that you can sometimes see just behind the wheels of some vehicles. The pressure and friction applied to the brake rotor is what slows and stops the wheel. Once the wheels stop turning, the vehicle stops moving, too. Though the role of brake pads as braking parts is pretty sederhana, the brake pads themselves are anything but.

B­ecause of how fast a vehicles wheels rotate and how much a typical car or truck weighs, brake pads undergo extreme stress every time you slow down or come to a stop. Think about it: Would you want to grab and hold on to a heavy logam disc that was spinning really fast? Imagine slowly squeezing that disc until the vehicle rolls to a halt– its a thankless job, but brake pads do it repeatedly for thousands and thousands of miles without complaint.

Stop by the next page where well learn a little about organic brake pads.

Ceramic brake pads offer great braking performance, wear well berlebihan time and are very lightweight– all of which are important for high- performance driving. So again, whats the dilema with ceramic brake pads? Theyre very expensive.

Ceramic brake pads are made from ceramic fibers, filler material, bonding agents and they may even have small amounts of copper fibers within them as well. Because theyre mostly ceramic, these brake parts dissipate heat well, which keeps performance strong, even after repeated hard stops. They also dont break down very much with repeated use; that means they produce less dust than other types of brake pads– and the dust that they do produce is lighter in color and doesnt stick to the wheels. However, because theyre so expensive, ceramic brake pads arent for every type of vehicle.

Sports cars that are routinely driven hard– as part of club racing, for example– can benefit from ceramic brake pads; however, almost every other vehicle performs just fine with other brake pad materials. For most drivers, the extra performance of ceramic brake pads isnt worth the extra cost.

Keep reading to find out about brake pads that wont break the bank.

Metallic Brake Pads

Because trucks are so big and heavy, their brake pads are especially important. It takes a lot of power to stop a fully loaded truck moving along at highway speeds. Heck, it even takes a lot of power to stop an empty truck thats barely moving at all. That means that the strength of the pad and its ability to stop heavy loads repeatedly is very important. Organic brake pads, because they are soft and wear more quickly than other types of brake pads, are not recommended for trucks. So what type of brake part do you suppose is appropriate for a large truck?

Metallic and ceramic truck brake pads are good choices. Ceramic brake pads offer a lot of stopping power, even for heavy loads, but remember, theyre very expensive. Metallic brake pads are less expensive; however, they wear the rotors much faster than the ceramic pads. The type of truck and what its used for should determine the brake parts that are installed on it.

Obviously, a compact truck thats used mainly for commuting to and from work wont need the high- performance brake pads that a heavy- duty truck that routinely tows heavy loads through the mountains will require. Again, the type of truck brake pad material selected really depends on the size of the truck, the weight of the load that it will be hauling and the terrain to which it will be subjected.

Performance Brake Pads

You may think acceleration is the most critical factor for high performance cars, but most professional drivers will tell you that the brakes are equally important. After all, you cant win a race if you go crashing through a wall. Remember, in all cars( but performance cars especially), brakes arent just about stopping. They also aid the cars handling through turns. So even though performance cars may look like theyre going all- out during a race, the brakes are also getting a pretty good workout, too. High performance brake pads and other brake parts have to be able to keep up.

One of the most important components of high- performance brake pads is their ability to dissipate heat. If the brake pads get too hot, the brakes will fade– often boiling the hydraulic brake fluid in the process. Brake fade occurs when braking components get too hot, resulting in a loss of stopping power.

Because brake fade is such a concern in racing, most high- performance brakes are ceramic; however, some very high- end race cars are beginning to use materials like carbon serat. Both ceramic and carbon serat brake pads are lightweight( another concern for performance drivers) and dissipate heat well so they stay strong throughout the race. The major downside is their expense. As weve already mentioned, ceramic( and carbon serat) brake pads are very expensive.

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